Concentrates are products made from the resin of the cannabis plant. The resin contains high levels of cannabinoids, such as THC and CBD, as well as terpenes and other compounds that give cannabis its distinct aroma and flavor.
The process of making cannabis concentrates involves separating the resin from the plant material. This is done using a variety of methods, including solvent-based extraction, mechanical separation, and heat and pressure extraction.
The result is a highly concentrated product that can contain up to 90% THC or more. This makes concentrates much more potent than traditional cannabis flower, which typically contains around 15-25% THC.
Types of Cannabis Concentrates
There are many different types of cannabis concentrates, each with its own unique characteristics and properties. Here are some of the most common types:
Hash, short for hashish, is one of the oldest and simplest forms of cannabis concentrates. It is made by separating the resinous trichomes from the rest of the plant material and pressing them into a solid block. Hash can be smoked or vaporized and is known for its potent effects and earthy, spicy flavor.
Kief is the term used to describe the trichomes that have been sifted or shaken off of the cannabis plant. It is usually a fine powder that can be sprinkled onto a bowl of flower, rolled into a joint, or pressed into a solid form like hash. Kief is known for its potent effects and high THC content.
Shatter is a type of concentrate that is hard and brittle, with a texture that resembles glass. It is usually transparent or translucent and can be yellow, amber, or dark brown in color. Shatter is made using a solvent-based extraction method, usually using butane or CO2.
Wax is a soft and sticky concentrate that has a waxy texture, hence the name. It can be crumbly or have a honey-like consistency, depending on how it is made. Wax is usually made using a solvent-based extraction method, and can be whipped or purged to achieve different textures.
Budder is a soft and creamy concentrate that has a consistency similar to butter. It is usually made using a solvent-based extraction method, and can be whipped or purged to achieve different textures.
Live resin is a type of concentrate that is made from fresh cannabis plants that have been frozen immediately after harvest. This helps to preserve the terpenes, which are more volatile than cannabinoids and can degrade quickly. Live resin is usually made using a solvent-based extraction method.
Rosin is a type of concentrate that is made using heat and pressure to extract the resin from the plant material. It does not require any solvents, which makes it a popular choice for those who prefer solventless concentrates.
How to Consume Cannabis Concentrates
Cannabis concentrates can be consumed in a variety of ways. Here are some of the most common methods:
Dabbing is a method of consuming concentrates that involves heating a small amount of the concentrate on a hot surface, usually a nail made of quartz or titanium. The vapor is then inhaled through a dab rig, which is similar to a water pipe.
Vaping is a popular method of consuming concentrates, especially for those who prefer a more discreet option. Concentrates can be vaporized using a specialized vaporizer pen, which heats the concentrate to a temperature that vaporizes the cannabinoids and terpenes without burning them.
Cannabis concentrates can also be used to make edibles, such as gummies, brownies, and other baked goods. The concentrate is usually mixed with a fat, such as butter or coconut oil, to make it easier to incorporate into the recipe.
Tinctures are another way to consume cannabis concentrates. They are made by infusing the concentrate into a high-proof alcohol, such as vodka or grain alcohol. The resulting liquid can be consumed sublingually (under the tongue) or added to food or drinks.
Cannabis concentrates are a popular and potent way to consume cannabis. With many different types and methods of consumption, there is something for everyone when it comes to concentrates. Whether you prefer the earthy flavors of hash or the smooth vapor of a vape pen, cannabis concentrates offer a unique and powerful cannabis experience.