Limonene is a terpene that is naturally occurring in a wide range of plants and fruits, including lemons, oranges, limes, grapefruits, and junipers. In cannabis, limonene is typically found in higher concentrations in strains that have a citrusy aroma and flavor, such as Lemon Haze and Sour Diesel.
One of the interesting things about limonene is that it has two different forms: D-limonene and L-limonene. D-limonene is the most commonly found form and is the one that is most frequently used in various products. L-limonene, on the other hand, is not as common, and research on it is still in its early stages.
Aroma and Flavor Profile
As mentioned earlier, limonene is known for its citrusy aroma and flavor. It has a bright, fresh, and uplifting scent that is often described as being similar to lemon or orange zest. In terms of flavor, limonene can add a zesty, lemony, or fruity note to cannabis strains, making it a popular choice for those who enjoy strains with a citrusy kick.
Potential Therapeutic Benefits
Limonene has gained attention in the medical cannabis community for its potential therapeutic benefits. Here are some of the ways that limonene may be beneficial:
Research has suggested that limonene may have anti-anxiety properties. A study published in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology found that limonene was effective in reducing anxiety in mice.
Limonene has also been shown to have antidepressant properties. A study published in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology found that limonene increased serotonin levels in the brains of rats, which can improve mood.
Limonene has also been shown to have anti-inflammatory properties. A study published in the journal Food and Chemical Toxicology found that limonene reduced inflammation in rats with colitis.
Research has suggested that limonene may have anti-cancer properties. A study published in the journal Cancer Research found that limonene inhibited the growth of breast cancer cells in rats.
Other Potential Benefits
Limonene may also have other potential benefits, including:
- Pain relief
- Gastroprotective effects
- Antifungal properties
- Antibacterial properties
How Limonene Interacts with the Human Body
Like all terpenes, limonene interacts with the human body in a variety of ways. One of the ways that it works is by binding to receptors in the brain and nervous system. Another way that it works is by modulating the levels of other chemicals in the body, such as neurotransmitters and hormones.
Limonene is a terpene with a bright, citrusy aroma and flavor that is commonly found in cannabis strains with a lemon or orange scent. It has gained attention in the medical cannabis community for its potential therapeutic benefits, including its anti-anxiety, antidepressant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-cancer properties. While more research is needed to fully understand its effects, limonene is an exciting terpene that shows great promise.